Different soils have different textures and properties that should be considered when growing different things in them.
In this short guide, we outline what might grow well in silty soils.
Summary – What Grows Well In Silty Soil
- Silty soil has traits/properties that make it different from other types of soils
- These traits/properties mean that different plants, fruits, vegetables, and other things are going to be more suitable for growing in silty soil than others
- There’s different materials that can be added to a silty soil in order to amend or improve it for growing conditions
- However, some silty soils may never be able to grow certain things
- Some soils may be a silt mix, which means that it may be predominantly silt, but also include a certain % of another type of soil as well. This may change the suitability of the soil to grow different things in it, as it isn’t a full silt soil
- The soil type is only one factor in determining what you can and can’t grow in that soil – there’s also other factors to consider, with climate/weather conditions being one major one
- Overall, each individual geographic area (in different regions, States/Provinces, and so on) of soil needs to be assessed individually with all it’s own unique factors and variables to determine what does and doesn’t grow well in it. There may be growing principles that apply to silty soils generally, but, individual growing variables can change that to different extents
Characteristics Of, & Profile Of Silty Soil
- Has medium particle size (somewhere in between clay and sand in terms of size), and a silky texture
- Is a light soil that is easy to compact
- Decent water retention
- Decent aeration
- It’s fairly fertile, although some say it doesn’t hold nutrients as well as a more structured soil like clay
- Generally needs to be managed in terms of drainage, structure and nutrients
- Good for growing a variety of different things with the right management
Amending, Improving & Working With Silty Soil
Silty soil might benefit from the addition of composted organic matter to help improve drainage, add structure, and add nutrients.
You can read more about working with silty soil at agverra.com
A Note On Soil Types, & What Ultimately Impacts How Things Grow
Before we look at what grows well in silty soil, it’s important to note that all soils are slightly different in composition depending on the location (you might get a pure silty soil in one location, but in another you might get a silty soil mixed more with other soils that has different characteristics), there are different external factors acting upon each soil, and ultimately, there are many physical, chemical and biological factors that determine how well something grows in a particular spot or under particular conditions.
This is just a guide on silty soils in general, without going into extreme depth about all these other factors (factors like soil fertility, soil health, soil quality, fertilizer added, top soil added, pesticides added, tilling practices and so on).
It would do you well in the long term to get information on the soil in your location (what it is and what is the best way to manage it), the climate in your location (temperature, rainfall etc.) and the growing seasons (for example – the US has different planting zones), the plants or things you want to grow and the conditions they need – and come up with a specific plan for your situation.
These guides provide some basic information on figuring out what might grow well in different soils, conditions and locations:
- All The Factors That Affect The Growth Of Plants
- How To Know What Grows In Your Soil Or Garden
- How To Know What Grows In Your Geographic Area Or Climate Zone
- I Can’t Grow Anything In My Soil – What Do I Do?
Plants, Flowers and Shrubs That Grow Well In Silty Soil
- New Zealand flax
Perennials, roses, ferns, bulbs and shrubs:
- Some types of roses
- Butterfly Bush
- Japanese Barberry
- Smoke Tree
- Some types of ferns
- Some types of bulbs
- Yellow iris
- Japanese iris
- Swamp milkweed
Vegetables, Crops and Fruit That Grow Well In Silty Soil
- In silty soil with adequate drainage, most vegetables, crops and fruits grow well
Trees That Grow Well In Silty Soil
- Moisture-loving trees such as Willow, Birch, Dogwood and Cypress
Trees and shrubs:
- Weeping willow
- Bald cypress
- Red twig dogwood
- River birch
- Red chokeberry
- American elder