Different soils have different textures and properties that should be considered when growing different things in them.
In this short guide, we outline what might grow well in peat soils.
Summary – What Grows Well In Peat Soil
- Peat soil has traits/properties that make it different from other types of soils
- These traits/properties mean that different plants, fruits, vegetables, and other things are going to be more suitable for growing in peat soil than others
- There’s different materials that can be added to a peat soil in order to amend or improve it for growing conditions
- However, some peat soils may never be able to grow certain things
- Some soils may be a peat mix, which means that it may be predominantly peat, but also include a certain % of another type of soil as well. This may change the suitability of the soil to grow different things in it, as it isn’t a full peat soil
- The soil type is only one factor in determining what you can and can’t grow in that soil – there’s also other factors to consider, with climate/weather conditions being one major one
- Overall, each individual geographic area (in different regions, States/Provinces, and so on) of soil needs to be assessed individually with all it’s own unique factors and variables to determine what does and doesn’t grow well in it. There may be growing principles that apply to peat soils generally, but, individual growing variables can change that to different extents
Characteristics Of, & Profile Of Peat Soil
- Usually dark brown or black in color, and feels spongy
- High in organic matter
- Holds water well
- Easily compacts
- Can sometimes have drainage problems
- Is usually a slightly acidic soil, or a soil that contains acidic water (which can slow down decomposition of organic matter, and lead to lower nutrients). Read this guide about what can grow in acidic soil
- Commonly imported into gardens to provide a planting base as it holds water well, but protects root structure, and can complement other soil types
Working With, Amending & Improving Peat Soil
Is usually blended with rich organic matter, compost and lime to reduce the acidity and increase nutrients for growing. You can also use soil amendments such as glacial rock dust to raise pH in acidic soils.
Read more about working with peat soil at blooms4all.com
A Note On Soil Types, & What Ultimately Impacts How Things Grow
Before we look at what grows well in peat soil, it’s important to note that all soils are slightly different in composition depending on the location (you might get one type of peat in one location, but in another you might get a different type of peat with different characteristics), there are different external factors acting upon each soil, and ultimately, there are many physical, chemical and biological factors that determine how well something grows in a particular spot or under particular conditions.
This is just a guide on peat soils in general, without going into extreme depth about all these other factors (factors like soil fertility, soil health, soil quality, fertilizer added, top soil added, pesticides added, tilling practices and so on).
It would do you well in the long term to get information on the soil in your location (what it is and what is the best way to manage it), the climate in your location (temperature, rainfall etc.) and the growing seasons (for example – the US has different planting zones), the plants or things you want to grow and the conditions they need – and come up with a specific plan for your situation.
These guides provide some basic information on figuring out what might grow well in different soils, conditions and locations:
- All The Factors That Affect The Growth Of Plants
- How To Know What Grows In Your Soil Or Garden
- How To Know What Grows In Your Geographic Area Or Climate Zone
- I Can’t Grow Anything In My Soil – What Do I Do?
Flowers That Grow Well In Peat Soil
- rhododendrons and azaleas
Vegetables That Grow Well In Peat Soil
- Vegetable crops such as Brassicas, legumes, root crops and salad crops do well in well-drained peaty soils.
Trees & Shrubs That Grow Well In Peat Soil
- Heather, Lantern Trees, Witch Hazel, Camellia, and Rhododendron do well in well-drained peaty soils.