Although there are several factors to take into account when growing plants, the type of plant you grow is obviously one of the key factors.
There’s different types of plants to choose from – vegetables, fruit trees and bushes, herbs, flowers and so on.
In this guide, we outline what questions you might consider when figuring out how to grow different types of plants.
Knowing requirements of different plants can obviously influence the types of plants you eventually choose to grow.
Summary – How To Grow Different Types Of Plants
Some plant types grow in a range of conditions and environments, whilst others need specific conditions and environments to grow.
The climate (temperature and rainfall) and soil conditions are two big considerations for a lot of plants when figuring out where and how they can grow.
To figure out how to grow different types of plants, you might start with the following steps:
- Pick a type of plant you want to grow e.g. tomatoes
- Visit a local gardening centre or shop, and ask someone with experience about what is required for that type of plant to grow. You can also look at the seed packets, or seedlings they have, and read the information they provide on how to grow the seeds or seedlings of a particular plant
- Do a search engine search on ‘how to grow tomatoes’, or, ‘what tomatoes need to grow’ + any other specific search you want to know e.g. ‘what pH soil tomatoes grow in’
- Join gardening Facebook groups, online forums and online communities where you can ask questions and get real time feedback from other gardeners on growing different types of plants
What you will end up with is a set of requirements and conditions that each particular type of plant needs to grow.
Obviously, once you know the growing requirements of a particular type of plant, you will need to test your soil, and find out the climate and growing seasons in your area where you intend to grow.
You want to match the requirements of the plant type to the soil, and climate and growing conditions in your area.
Another approach some people take is to either:
- Simply choose versatile plant types that grow in a range of soils or climates, and conditions
- Or, grow in raised garden beds with imported soil
- Or, grow in a greenhouse with altered conditions
- Or, a combination of the above – they allow you to modify how you can grow
Once you’ve researched your climate/growing area, your soil/land, and the plants you want to grow, you are ready to start growing your garden.
Questions You Might Need Answered For Learning How To Grow Different Types Of Plants
This is a starting list of questions you might want to know the answer to when figuring out how to grow different types of plant life (there may be others you want to find out a long the way):
- What type of soil the plant grows best in (loam, clay, sand, silt etc.)
- What pH of soil the plant grows best in (acidic, neutral or alkaline – most plants like the neutral or slightly acidic range)
- What climate (temperature) the plant needs to grow
- What season the plant should be planted in
- When the plant should be planted
- Whether the plant can be planted as a seed, or if it needs to be planted as a seedling or transplant from a pre-growth carton or container
- How long the growing season is for that plant, or how fast it grows (how many days it takes to mature)
- How many times it produces per year – several times, or once
- How long the plant lasts – biennials, annuals, perennials etc.
- How to harvest the plant
- How much water the plant needs
- How deep the roots for the plant are (determines the depth of soil you need – 12 inches deep is a good depth to aim for)
- How much sunlight per day the plant needs (6 hours is usually good for plants that need sunlight)
- Nutrient and fertilizer requirements of the plant
- What pests are common to that plant (so you know the pest control you need to implement)
- What diseases might be common to the plant and how to prevent them
- How the plant grows – is it a ground, bush or climbing/vine plant (these need support lattice)
- What companion plants to a type of plant might be, and what non compatible plants might be
- How many different varieties of a type of plant there are – for example, with broccoli, there are new varieties that can grow in warmer months (broccoli used to be a traditionally cold season crop)
An example of how to grow broccoli and the conditions it might need can be found at https://www.mnn.com/your-home/organic-farming-gardening/stories/how-to-grow-broccoli
You can make a list of plant types, and run through the same set of questions for each one.
You can also read about some of the other factors that affect the general growth of plants in this guide.