In this guide we compare, by each Australian State:
– the renewable energy % of electricity production (what share renewables make up of electricity production)
– average electricity price (retail price, in cents per kWh)
Summary – Why Compare These Stats For Australian States On Renewable Energy %, & Electricity Prices
Because people often want to know whether renewable energy % share of electricity production has an impact on electricity prices (whether it can help make them higher or lower)
It Australia’s case, renewables seem to be only one component of electricity prices.
There seems to be many other perhaps more significant factors impacting electricity prices in several States.
National energy policy, the cost for poles and wires, and the cost to generate electricity, all seem to be big factors – but the factors can vary State to State.
Renewable Energy % Of Electricity Production vs Average Electricity Prices In Each Australian State
Below is a list of the Australian States. What the list shows is:
First Line – Renewable Energy % Of Electricity Production in 2018
Second Line – Average Retail Electricity Price (Australian cents per kWh) in 2018 [note: as of August 2019, 50 AUD cents equals 34 USD cents]
The list is:
Tasmania – 96%, 25.90 AUD cents per kWh (mostly hydro power)
South Australia – 53%, 43.67 AUD cents per kWh
Victoria – 21%, 27.56 AUD cents per kWh
Western Australia – 16%, 28.33 AUD cents per kWh
NSW – 15%, 33.33 AUD cents per kWh
Queensland – 10%, 29.01 AUD cents per kWh
Northern Territory – unknown %, 25.67 AUD cents per kWh
– cleanenergycouncil.org.au, and gobulk.com.au
(the cleanenergycouncil.org.au’s 2019 report on page 45 outlines what makes up these prices – it’s mainly poles and wires, and the cost to generate electricity, with electricity company costs and environmental costs in third and fourth by a fair distance)
‘The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission’s (ACCC) review of the retail electricity market in Australia addressed what they called a broken National Electricity Market’ (cleanenergycouncil.org.au)
View the ACCC’s report (with recommendations to reduce Australian electricity prices) at https://www.accc.gov.au/media-release/accc-releases-blueprint-to-reduce-electricity-prices
Additional Notes – What Does Air Pollution & CO2 Look Like In Australia, & By State? &, Why Does It Matter?
Electricity production is one of the key sectors that is linked to CO2 emissions along with the transport sector (both use fossil fuels), but also other sectors
If renewable energy can be linked to higher electricity prices in a particular State, they may want a guarantee that at least these higher prices are contributing to lower CO2 emissions from electricity and also lower air pollution levels (so there is at least an environmental benefit being received for the higher prices being paid)
NOTE: as mentioned above, it is not only the electricity sector that contributes to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.
The burning of fossil fuels and activity in other sectors such as transport, heating and cooling, agriculture, industrial, residential, and more can contribute to them.
CO2 Emissions & The Electricity Sector In Australia
The electricity sector produces the most emissions in Australia, followed by stationary energy, and transport (theguardian.com)
Air Pollution By Australian State
‘The air quality in Australia is generally considered ‘good’ by international standards … [and a] notable portion – approximately 75 percent – of air pollution is from motor vehicle emissions’
[and, in terms of annual mean PM10, all Australian major cities have lower air pollution than several notable major cities globally]
Also note though – there are different sizes of particulate matter, along with other types of air pollution contaminants like ozone, nitrogen dioxide, etc. that can be measured.